1) DISCORSE ON METHOD
ROMOLO SANTONI (CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”) firstname.lastname@example.org
The title of the speech is an evident homage to the great work of René Descartes, to underline the great debt the occidental science incurred with him. American studies have always stand out from other studies for their inclination to interdisciplinarity and, on the other hand, for their need to be seen by a multi and interdisciplinary perspective. This aspect let us open researches to other fields, but also create serious problems about how to treat data.
These melting-pots are both bearers of useful meetings, exchanges and debates, and on the other hand also bearers of dangerous theoretical balancing acts (and in some cases with a consequence in practice), in in fields in which multidisciplinarity element become essential and accuracy of method unravels in different perspectives.
An intense debate, for example, divides different research lines, which find in the applicative method the limit between them and their action range. Studying method, which represents the peculiar aspect of occidental philosophy from Cartesio up to now, become an essential aspect in the American studies more than in other fields. Therefore it seems necessary to propose a breathing space, a priori in the research field, in order to make evident perspective and methodological limitations.
2) INDIGENOUS AMAZONIA
PARIDE BOLLETTIN (DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE, MASARYK UNIVERSITY AND METRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”) email@example.com
EDMUNDO ANTONIO PEGGION (UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL PAULISTA “JÚLIO DE MESQUITA FILHO”, BRASIL) firstname.lastname@example.org
Amazonia contains inside its borders a multiplicity of societies. These societies present a variety of cosmological explanations, social organizations and ways of managing material life that make this region assume a privileged position for everyone interested in the confrontation with the complexity of the social, symbolic and other kind of constructions put in action in the everyday life of these different populations. The hundreds of original groups must also face the meeting with the societies of the national states inside of which the proper territory is situated. In this way, various situations of cultural meeting and strategies of response, emerge: we can find nearby populations resisting for five centuries the impact with a different non-indigenous world, others that only the last few years have to cope with that destabilizing shock, the so-called “risen communities” that rediscover and claim the proper cultural past and furthermore, those in “volunteer isolation” that still refuse to contact with the non-indigenous. In front of such a complexity of situations, this thematic session intends to present the works developed during fieldwork research, attempting to illustrate the actual situation of these groups.
3) INDIGENOUS RIGHTS: A TRANSNATIONAL DISCUSSION
MARIA LUISA DE FILIPPO, LADY SAAVEDRA, ELSA LÓPEZ (CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”, ITALIA) email@example.com
This session aims to present an interdisciplinary discussion on the issue of the indigenous people rights.
The United Nations Declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples, approved in 2007, has as a principal target the respect of self-determination. The commitment and the challenge in front of such a statement consists of its application together with other measures with the same purpose, in the national Latin-American contests.
In what way the states-nations negotiate with these measures approved and signed by the majority of the Latin American countries? In what way the indigenous organizations demand the proper rights and the respect of the cultural differences in the sphere of the different national constitutions? Which are the principal conflicts?
Questions such as self-determination, diversity and cultural identity are the principal subjects that this session has to propose.
4) SIGNS, SYMBOLS AND DYNAMICS OF CONSTRUCTION OF THE INDIGENOUS TERRITORY
PIERO GORZA (INSTITUTO DE ESTUDIOS INDIGENAS, SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS CASAS CHIAPAS MÉXICO – CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”, ITALIA) firstname.lastname@example.org
The crucial theme of this session is the territory as a place where memory is deposited and where the human being practices incisions as an exercise of power against the ephemeral character of human time. The construction of maps is by definition an open and interdisciplinary space: historical maps, political maps, cultural maps, symbolic maps, mental and linguistic maps. The categories of founding, relating oneself through a center, institute, territorialize, name, orient oneself and remember, as those of desettlement, transit, growth and learning open the field to reflections about the cognitive and existential processes of individuals and of their collectivity. It is a crossroad session between centers and frontiers. Formally, globalization is a process (or a series of processes) of worldwide interest, which includes a transformation within the organization of relations and social agreements in the space, to be assessed in connection with its achievement, its intensity, its speed, and its recoils. It generates transcontinental flows and nets of activities and interaction and the exercise of power. This work session basically advices to reflect upon the two basic meanings of globalization, both theorically and by working in the field: the increase on the integration of the several world economy locations and the results of a considerable circulation of goods and people and communication systems based on multidirectional cultural flows. The thematic axis which will lead the debates are: the paradigm of globalization, transnationalization, social security and migration, democracy, multiculturality and religion.
5) MIGRATIONS, CONNECTIONS AND NOMADISMS BETWEEN EUROPE AND AMERICA
THEA ROSSI (CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO” – UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI “G. D’ANNUNZIO” CHIETI-PESCARA, ITALIA) email@example.com
This session proposes a reflection on movements and workflows, objects and human capital which distinguished the history of transatlantic connections between Europe and America. We propose to prefer three focuses, through a perspective which has the aim to promote a multidisciplinary dialogue. The first: dynamics and processes, both real and symbolic, which distinguished last century migratory phenomenon towards America, especially between the two World War, and at the same time the relative back migration movement, in particular during the last thirty years, because of socio-political and economical connections. The second: connections with plait both contexts, which create a common patrimony, which is material and immaterial. In addition to goods and manufactured products, we will take in great consideration the creation of a common imaginary. The third: we will extend this reflection to nomadisms phenomena at the time of globalization: the constant stream of human resources, negotiation and contact between cultures, together with all possible new sorts of integration which tend to combine local and global.
6) ETHNOMUSICOLOGY: SURVIVAL, CONTINUITY AND NEW CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MUSIC AND TRADITIONAL DANCES IN AMERICA
MARÍA LINA PICCONI (CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”) firstname.lastname@example.org
The task of ethnomusicology is answering a series of questions that humanity has set itself in the course of history: who create the music? How is created? For whom? For what? With what purpose? Considering the significant lack of information about the world of traditional music, whose features range from the variety to the subtlety of musical expressions, I propose the opening of this session.
In America musical or dances expressions still exist, whose roots extend as far as pre-Columbian era and they would be sourced from an ancient art with a forgotten meaning.
The advent of globalization has contributed to the birth of many of those primarily urban musical expressions that tend, as in other parts of the world, to standardize the local particularities. For this reason it is essential to the present record and investigate these expressions, lest we lose this memory with the development of the globalized world.
7) IMAGINARY AND MEMORY
PIERO GORZA (INSTITUTO DE ESTUDIOS INDIGENAS, SAN CRISTOBAL DE LAS CASAS CHIAPAS MX – CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO”) email@example.com
This session has an interdisciplinary character and has the principal objective to present studies about the cultural diversities that have every form of representation as an expression.
We know that it is through the social and individual representations that we can localize the identitary formations, transformations and resemantizations that characteristically are polysemic and therefore polyphonic. For this reason, the interdisciplinarity is not an instrument of work but a theory that has as a finality to study the symbols: how they are perceived, conceived and represented.
We contemplate every type of cultural manifestations for the fact that we understand that cultural subjectivities are represented in literary, cinematographic and artistic forms, and that the studies of the cultural representations do not monopolise the disciplines for this finality.
8) TOPICS OF MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY IN THE AMERICAN CONTINENT
PAOLA MARIA SESIA (CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES Y ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES EN ANTROPOLOGÍA SOCIAL CIESAS UNIDAD PACÍFICO SUR) firstname.lastname@example.org
To construct a session dedicated to the medical anthropology in Latin America means to give voice to the multiple conceptions and practices around the concepts of health and sickness presented through a historical perspective that is aware of present and past. The hegemonic relationships that flow between biomedicine and the multiple responses of “local and traditional” health constitute an example of the most important fields of interest in this discipline. The objective of constituting a useful space for dialog and confrontation for the americanistic community that is committed in this field is assumed with the experience and the theoretical elaborations of the different traditions of this domain. Based on the experience made by this session in earlier editions of the International Americanistic Studies Congress, we want to favour the time of debate for the construction of common reflections that might have an operative outcome on the examined contexts.
9) PUBLIC POLICIES, INSTITUTIONS AND DEMOCRACY IN LATIN AMERICA
BEATRIZ CALVO PONTÓN (CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES Y ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES EN ANTROPOLOGÍA SOCIAL, MÉXICO) email@example.com
The neoliberal model in Latin American countries has led to the withdrawal of the state from social responsibilities and functions, as well as the implementation of structural reforms that seek to ensure that companies are managed by the criteria of the free market.
We observe some consequences: reduction, privatization and rising expenses of public services in education and health, growing inequalities and poverty and strengthening of monopolies in key sectors of the economy and the media, which increasingly intervene in political processes and the design of public policies.
The redefinition of social policies has been oriented by focusing on the social groups under conditions of extreme poverty, but at the same time resources that enable progress towards universalizing social rights were reduced.
On the other hand, spaces were opened in which they were born autonomous institutions related to issues such as human rights, transparency and the contraloría social. In the civil society the number of organizations fighting for the democratization of institutions and improvement of social services has increased. The combination of these processes has changed substantially the image of the Latin American societies.
10) ELECTIONS AND PARTIES IN LATIN AMERICA
RENÉ VALDIVIEZO SANDOVAL (UNIVERSIDAD IBEROAMERICANA PUEBLA, MÉXICO) firstname.lastname@example.org
Our region has lived regularly, since the end of the dictatorships, electoral processes that allow to renew the authorities and popular representatives, generally in a pacific way. From a liberal (and neoliberal) optic, these processes are the expression of the existence of a democratic life in these nations. In a more critical perspective, the electoral processes are becoming more of a ritual used to maintain in power the political movements. Often they don’t represent the population, and they employ these processes in order to legitimize their permanence in power, sometimes by extra-legal mechanisms. This session seeks to generate discussion around the elections in Latin America in its three (or four) levels: on the political-electoral action (competition, results, conflicts, campaigns and relationship with other aspects of social life), on the electoral and political players (political parties, social groups and authorities), and on the conformation of the national/regional/local powers, over the electoral processes. Even though current studies are preferred, historical ones are also accepted.
11) THE OTHER FACES OF THE BOOM
ROSA MARIA GRILLO (UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI SALERNO – CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO” DI SALERNO) email@example.com
Sixty years after the publication of Rayuela (1963), the work that revolutionized the Spanish-American literary world, and beyond, and which awakened the global attention to that world, paving the way for the boom, we want to retrace the least known aspects of those years: 'minor' works by the same recognized authors of the boom; works that do not fall within the canon of magical realism or the Rioplatense fantasy, erroneously identified with the boom; other authors of that period more or less close to the boom, or in controversy with it, etc.
12) LITERATURE OF THE AMERICAS: FREE SESSION
ROSA MARIA GRILLO (UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI SALERNO – CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO” DI SALERNO, ITALIA) firstname.lastname@example.org
13) ARCHAEOLOGY IN THE AMERICAS: BETWEEN MATERIAL CULTURE AND SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATIONS
MARÍA TERESA MUÑOZ ESPINOSA (DIRECCIÓN DE ESTUDIOS ARQUEOLÓGICOS, INAH) email@example.com
JOSÉ CARLOS CASTAÑEDA REYES (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA METROPOLITANA-IZTAPALAPA, MÉXICO) firstname.lastname@example.org
The ancient American cultures and civilizations, since their arrival to the Continent and up until the contact with the Europeans, took or produced the materials which fostered the great manifestations of thought, art or simple life throughout America’s rich history, from the Bering Strait until Tierra del Fuego.
This table is proposed as a meeting place in order to share the different experiences of archaeological investigation in the American continent, with a special focus in Mesoamerica, the Central Andes and the Amazon. In all America, the symbols associated to the religious and artistic iconography are features that archaeology recovers, compares and explains in order to understand our ancient history.
The academic dialogue established has as an objective to be a meeting place where the progress in the projects of archaeological investigation developed in different parts of the continent, or the new studies and interpretations based on plastic sources or written testimonies, among others, would be discussed. The proposal is to establish it as a periodical meeting where different aspects of the continent’s archaeology can be presented and discussed.
14) METHOD, DESIGN AND STYLE OF THE CONTEMPORARY RELIGIOUS SPACE IN LATIN AMERICA: SOCIAL EXPRESSION MATERIALIZED IN THE XX-XXI CENTURIES
MARÍA CRISTINA VALERDI NOCHEBUENA (BENEMÉRITA UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE PUEBLA, MÉXICO) email@example.com
The religious social expression has manifested itself in the temple as a material space for the celebration of people gathered to perform a rite of worship and doctrine, which has undergone changes due to the cultural and religious significance that has been renewed and the application of guidelines represented in the way of building it and that are the reason for experiences that promote diversity of styles and spatial arrangements. Therefore, we invite to present contributions that show collective spaces that capture the languages of the visible, the artistic and the folklore, and that present the historical, artistic and social manifestations through the study of the transformations that the Religious space has suffered in Latin America in the XX-XXI centuries; maintaining an inter and multidisciplinary perspective combining history, anthropology, architecture, arts and theology, offering a space for reflection to international specialists in the study of method, design and style as a social expression materialized in religious spaces.
15) FEASTS IN LATIN AMERICA: CUSTOMS, CULTURAL HERITAGE, MODELS OF SPACE MANAGEMENT
DANIELA SALVUCCI (Libera Università di Bolzano, Italia) firstname.lastname@example.org
TOBIAS BOOS (Libera Università di Bolzano, Italia) email@example.com
This session analyses the role of latin-american feasts, both in the relationship between different social-cultural entities of the city and its surroundings (areas, associations, municipalities, etc.) and in the creation of identities (ethnic, syncretic, mixed-race, regional, national, etc.).
A particular attention will be dedicated to customs (parades, games, representations, etc.), to spatial and temporal models (places with a new sense, occupied places, the public space that becomes private) of the feast. Process of feast’s inclusion in cultural heritage will be considered, highlighting the role of media and tourism. A possible hypothesis to start the discussion is that the festive heritage is an area of social, cultural and political negotiation. An other hypothesis is that feasts allow to create new, inclusive and plural identities, starting from the fusion of different urban and rural life forms. Empirical studies and theoretical reflections will be welcome, to develop intercultural comparisons of festive systems.
16) INDIGENOUS LIFE THROUGH THE DIFFERENT MEXICAN SOURCES: CODICES AND TEXTS
LUZ MARÍA MOHAR BETANCOURT (CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES Y ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES EN ANTROPOLOGÍA SOCIAL, MÉXICO) firstname.lastname@example.org
This session wants to show the different typology of primary sources, as codex and manuscripts, which bring new information to Mexican history. We require to each speaker to show innovative research results, which examines in depth indigenous life, its changes and continuity elements since the conquest time. Topics as evangelization, belonging to the land and identity will be the one we are interested in developing and discussing, as also iconography studies about its transformation on different material supports will be central points of the session. We are interested in knowing the different techniques used in analyzing documents stored in libraries, archives and museums and so on, as in Mexico as in other places in the world.
17) GENRE STUDIES: THEORETIC-METHODOLOGICAL TENDENCIES AND CHALLENGES IN THE FACE OF AMERICAN SOCIO-CULTURAL DIVERSITY
MARTHA ESTELA PÉREZ GARCÍA (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE CIUDAD JUÁREZ, MÉXICO) email@example.com
The origins of genre studies are lied to feminist movement. This relation doesn’t represent only a form of socio-political action, but it also produces a scientific activity and new analytical views. Researching by genre prospective calls into question the neutral and andro-centric visions of the world, and, starting from the genre category as unit of analysis, we can explain the conditions of inequality, subordination, exclusion and discrimination in which women and men are living. For this reason we consider several factors that concern the subjects: age, ethnical origin, social class, religion, geographic localization, sexual orientation, etc. It’s important to analyse and discuss tendencies and challenges of genre studies to know their present state and the contribution that this analytic line gives in America. Themes of everyday life, labour market, health, education, sexuality, social and political participation, legal structure, environment, domestic and sexual violence are only some of the spheres that we study from the point of view of different disciplinary lines: cultural, anthropological, political, historical, economic, juridical, psychological, religious, of communication and education studies, etc.
18) COMPLEX SYSTEMS IN SOCIAL RESEARCH
CRISTINA PIZZONIA (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA METROPOLITANA. UNIDAD XOCHIMILCO) firstname.lastname@example.org, ÁNGEL JOSÉ MARTÍNEZ SALINAS (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA METROPOLITANA. UNIDAD XOCHIMILCO) email@example.com
This session aims to explain the social dynamics from the perspective and formalisation of complex systems, to the extent that they allow the creation of a transdisciplinary and integrative theory of different knowledge; using methods that identify variables in configuration spaces that can be modelled. These models allow to clarify invisible interdependencies in the first instance, and allow the construction of new research hypotheses using Mathematics and Physics, aided by computational techniques. In this context, it is pertinent to discuss whether by formalising complexity it will identify different knowledge from what we would obtain with cause specifications and lineal effects; considering the possibility to reflect on how connexions can be found the complex systems of the American continent, so far absent, formalising, in this way, holistic thoughts. We propose in this session that the participants present researches based on the Sciences of Complexity, enriching this area of research with their experiences.
19) THE METHODICAL STUDY OF TRADITIONAL INDIGENOUS WRITING, DECADES AFTER ITS BEGINNINGS
RITA FERNÁNDEZ DÍAZ (JOAQUÍN GALARZA A. C., MÉXICO), firstname.lastname@example.org, MIGUEL ÁNGEL RECILLAS (INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES ANTROPOLÓGICAS, UNAM; ESCUELA NACIONAL DEANTROPOLOGÍA E HISTORIA, MÉXICO) email@example.com
This session presents the results of the researches of traditional indigenous pictorial documents, known as codices, where there’s the need to establish with clarity the methods and methodology used as a tool for its study. The pictorial manuscripts are classified as indigenous, by their origin; popular, by their production process and reception; traditional, by their distribution; and historical, by their subject, structure and function.
The codices are conceived as writing, whose signification processes account for the communicative situations that are characteristic of the sociocultural group that produced them: interdisciplinary analysis becomes an imperative, seeking to work on a good part of its structure, function and significance, although not exhausting the textual possibilities.
We apply the Galarzian method, created by the scientist Joaquin Galarza; and different contributions of linguists who have worked with the Gremasian semiotics, which contributes to the Semiotics of Discourse, as we know it today.
20) THE TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE HERITAGE OF LATIN AMERICAN KITCHENS
LUIS ALBERTO VARGAS (INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES ANTROPOLÓGICAS, UNAM, MÉXICO) firstname.lastname@example.org
This following session aims to study the local and regional peculiarities of the resources, both tangible and intangible, employed during the centuries in Latin America to create its culinary specialities typical of every single different local reality.
Among the most known ideological talents, there is the inventiveness to set up culinary preparations, classification systems of foodstuffs, cultural representations of the food and finally their integration to ceremonies of any sort, some of which are even ritualized.
As far as material resources, we’ll find foodstuffs of any kind, tools and means helpful to produce, store, supply, prepare, serve and consume the food, beginning from the herbs harvested to the most exquisite restaurants.
It is our purpose to perpetuate a dialogue to better discover and eventually safeguard our culinary traditions in a globalized world that includes us more and more in the general homogenization.
21) NEW THEATRALITIES IN LATIN AMERICA: THE THEATER WITHIN CULTURE AND ITS LIMINALITIES
GUADALUPE ALVARADO DEL LA TORRE (UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE LA CIUDAD DE MÉXICO) email@example.com
The purpose of this exhibition is it to examine the theatricality preceding the theatre as a process of transformation able to organize different perspectives and as human condition since its mythological origin, all from an anthropological angle of the American context: “The theatricality of theatre as an apparatus of domination and social control related to a particular experience: modernity” [Geirola, 2000].
I point out the new theatricalities visualizing mentally the theatre in brand new territorialities or even as forms of deterritorialisation, shaped in line with the body and the space according to the current circumstances, namely a transgression of the ordinary by the act of creation.
We introduce the phenomenon of liminality merging from the fusion/tension of the ontological domains of the new theatrical event. [Dubatti, 2011].
We seek for the liminality of a theatre including multiples languages and several cross-sectoral phenomena of the Latin American art and culture, from different subjects having the capacity to transform into resistance and resilience.
22) AFFECTIVITY AND SUBJECTIVES FROM SOCIAL SCIENCES, NEW PERSPECTIVES IN AMERICANISTIC STUDIES
DIANA TAMARA MARTÍNEZ RUÍZ (ESCUELA NACIONAL DE ESTUDIOS SUPERIORES UNIDAD MORELIA) firstname.lastname@example.org
Emotivity is one of the most intimate dimensions of human beings. However, generally speaking, it’s also one of the most marginalised subjects by social sciences.
The investigation of affections and emotions in their social aspect is fairly new so that it involves taking into account the social and cultural facets of sentiments; in other words, it means to investigate and examine the way we learn to feel and convey our emotions.
According to this belief it’s possible to associate the emotional dimension to the subjective sphere entering therefore a changeable and ambiguous domain of the being from which we begin to acknowledge that the process of knowing implies a complementary and dialectic relation between the dimensions that have been wrongfully divided and stigmatised as objective and subjective for a long while.
And thus, in this session we’ll attempt to enrich the debate about these themes which have been so far generally less discussed within the field of Americanism studies and eventually widen the vision of social sciences and humanities towards affections, in particular as part of the most important questions of Latin America.
23) NON-THEMATIC SESSION
CENTRO STUDI AMERICANISTICI “CIRCOLO AMERINDIANO” email@example.com